The few European small exclave have never met before 2009. In many occasions, it was expected that a meeting could take place.

Finally, Ms Maria Mangili Piccaluga, Mayor of Campione, wrote on 25 of June 2009 to her colleagues to invite them in Campione for a first meeting.

In fact, the enclaves are an interesting and important subject under different points of view: for juridical, economic, social issues. They represent not only a speciality of the European territory but also an excellent example of juridical problem solving and of cross border cooperation.

Ms Piccaluga with Mr Ulrich Bohner (Congress) and Mr Meale (Parliamentary Assembly)The exercise to compare and exchange information about their experiences would interest not only Member states, but also the European common institution. A meeting of a small group of European similar enclaves –Llivia, Baarle-Hertog and Baarle-Nassau, Büsingen and Campione d’Italia -  could help a first reflection, and could focus on the main issues of this speciality.

In this sense a contact was taken with the Council of Europe, to share this common dialogue and to ask for their support.

On the 4th September 2010, in Paris, Ms Piccaluga, Mayor of Campione d’Italia, could take the floor during the meeting of the Committee on Environment, Agriculture and regional and local affairs of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, in Paris, chaired by Mr Alan Meale.

Mrs Piccaluga introduced the issue of the small exclaves in Europe, and the need of dialogue and cooperation. She underlined the importance of the European framework as a common ground to support the process.

(speech Sindaco a Parigi IT)

Finally, at the first Seminar of European Exclaves, on 23rd October, the Parliamentary Assembly participated with Mr Miljenko Dorić, President of the SubCommittee on Regional and local democracy, the Congress of local and regional Authorities with an officer and with the Vice president Mr Dario Ghisletta. The European Commission could attend with Mr Jean-Claude Eeckhout, special advisor of the Commissioner for Education and Culture.

The European dimension of the starting dialogue was fully granted.


At the same time, its was also important that the two Countries directly involved in the Seminar could fully participate.

This was the case with the speech of the Ambassador Valentin Zellweger, who was directly in charge of the dossier at the Swiss department for Foreign Affairs, with Mr Giampiero Gianella, Ticino State Chancellor and with the intervention of Min. Plen. Roberto Mazzotta, who has been Italian Consul in Lugano till few days before the meeting.

Also the political representatives confirmed the importance of the meeting, with sen. Alessio Butti, and sen. Massimo Garavaglia, Vicepresident of the Budget Committee of the Senate of the Italian Republic.

A welcome and a participation from Sante Frantellizzi, Prefect of Como,
Attilio Fontana, President of ANCI for Lombardy and Mayor of Varese, and Mauro Guerra, National Coordinator for small Municipalities of ANCI also gave the impression that the meeting touched the sensitivity of many political players.

A scientific and technical support was given by Mr Attila Tanzi, Professor at the University of Bologna, by Mr Massimo Ferracin, from Ferracin & Associati Legal Consultants, and by Mr Enrico Martial, from Agence de coopération and Europcooperation.


The core of the event was the meeting of the Mayors:


♦ Gunnar Lang, Bürgermeister, Gemeinde Büsingen am Hochrhein (DE)

Jan Van Leuven, Burgemeester, Gemeente Baarle-Hertog (BE)

J.P.M.M.Hendrikx, Burgemeester, Gemeente Baarle-Nassau (NL)

Josep Pous i Rodríguez, Alcalde de l’Ajuntament de Llívia (ES)

Maria Paola Mangili in Piccaluga, Sindaco del Comune di Campione d’Italia (IT)